Well-maintained car brakes are essential for your safety when you’re travelling on the road. It helps to have an understanding of how your car’s brakes work. Knowing when repair and maintenance work needs to be carried out is also essential. Read our blog post to discover everything you need to know about your vehicle’s braking system.
How your car’s brakes work
In an emergency situation, you’ll need well-maintained brakes to bring your vehicle to a standstill quickly. Good-quality brakes can help you to avoid a dangerous collision. When you’re driving your car, kinetic energy is generated. To bring your car to a standstill, the brakes eliminate the kinetic energy by using friction to transform it to heat. When you put pressure on the brake pedal, a lever presses a piston, which enters a master cylinder that contains hydraulic fluid. Under this pressure, the hydraulic fluid moves into a system of cylinders and pipes. The system increases the pressure that was initially applied to the brake pedal so that it is enough to bring the vehicle to a standstill. Different types of brakes are available and the most common ones are disc or drum brakes. Newer vehicles are typically fitted with front disc brakes and back drum brakes. Luxury variations are often equipped with four disc brakes. Disc brakes are made up of a brake disc as well as a capillary and pad. Drum brakes are comprised of a drum as well as brake shoes.
Maintenance tips for your car’s brakes
Paying attention to the details could save your life. Trying to cut costs is not an option when it comes to car brakes. Invest in good quality brake pads from well-known brands to maximise your safety when you’re travelling on the road. When you buy from a reputable brand you can rest easy knowing that you can rely on your brakes in an emergency situation. Make sure that you check your brake fluid regularly. Check that the brake fluid has not been contaminated and that it’s at the right level. Brake fluid that is contaminated can cause damage to your master cylinder and wheel cylinders, which is costly to repair. Your brake pads should also be checked regularly to ensure that they are in good condition. Worn brake pads are a safety risk and they can also result in damage to your vehicle. Potential damaged includes warped wheels as well as damage to your braking system. Take a look at the rotors to make sure that they are in excellent working condition.
How to know when your brake pads need to be replaced?
One of the signs that your car’s brakes need some attention is if you have to press hard on the brake pedal to bring the vehicle to a standstill. Noises and vibrations that are different from normal are another indication that maintenance work needs to be carried out on your vehicle’s braking system. In older vehicles, you may hear a screeching sound coming from your vehicle when the brake pads need to be replaced. However, if you reach this stage, you’ve already left it for too long. If you’re driving a newer car, it’s likely that your vehicle is equipped with an electronic sensor that will alert you as to when your brake pads need to be replaced. A light on the dashboard will usually let you know when you need to carry out maintenance work on your brakes. If you’re unsure of how to check and replace your brake pads, you can seek out the services of a professional mechanic. It’s advisable to have your brake pads/brake shoes checked every year or every 15 000km, depending on how much you drive. For the best advice on your vehicle’s braking system, speak to a professional at a trusted vehicle repair centre.
How to brake safely
While maintaining your braking system is essential, you also need to know how to use your brakes safely. In normal weather and road conditions, you should apply gentle pressure to the brakes so that you can come to a halt slowly. However, in emergency situations, you may need to put more pressure on the brake pedal so that you come to an abrupt stop. In these instances, it’s important to be aware that sharp braking can result in your wheels locking, which may cause your vehicle to skid. In adverse weather conditions, it’s advisable to drive slowly and carefully as there is a higher risk of your vehicle skidding if you have to stop quickly. Maintaining a safe following distance from the vehicle in front of you significantly reduces the risk of an accident taking place. Observing the speed limit will also improve safety. When you’re travelling at slower speeds, it’s easier to come to a halt safely if an emergency situation arises. Staying focused on the road also promotes effective braking. Slower speeds and larger following distances should be adopted during adverse weather conditions. Increased focus is also required when the road conditions are bad.
Now that you know more about your car’s brakes, you can ensure that you’re safe when you’re on the road. With proper maintenance and repairs, it’s easy to keep your braking system in good working order. You can find car brakes on Junk Mail right now.